Wild boar Management

Management of any animal will always be a controversial subject, and management of wild boar is no exception. On this page we will list the various methods of wild boar management available to landowners, along with their pros and cons ...

Lethal Methods

Seasonal Culling

Single Boar - A Forestry Commission Ranger will sit in a high seat (see right), usually during first light and wait for
boar to show. They are sometimes baited to the chosen area. Once the boar show, the ranger will select the boar
they are to shoot. Once they have a clear line of sight, the boar is shot, usually in the head, which makes it very quick
and painless.

Multiple Boar - There are a couple of methods for culling multiple boar at once and one is cage trapping. Boar are
lured into a cage using bait and the gate is dropped trapping the boar inside. This controversial method then sees
all boar shot, one at a time.

The other method is to bait boar into a small secure field, once again using bait. Once inside, the gate is closed and the boar are then picked off one at a time.
This is usually carried out on private land.

Organised Hunting

It goes without saying that a sounder of 8 to 10 wild boar could easily devastate a farmers crop overnight, but there are many people living in areas surrounding the Forest of Dean that are taking advantage of wild boar entering their land.
With up to 500 boar being taken per-year to organised shoots with substantial amounts of money being paid for a boar carcass, this more than compensates
for a lost crop.

Non-Lethal Methods

Relocation

The main problem with relocation is that firstly, we have to find someone willing to take wild boar. If this were possible,
the boar would be cage trapped, sedated and relocated.

Contraception
Contraceptives can be orally taken by wild boar from specialist feeding stations (see pic right)
The contraceptives are mixed with food, usually corn and the boar have to lift the heavy metal plate with their snouts to get to
the food. These heavy plates make it impossible for other animals to get to the food.

Natural Management

A popular topic of late is "Re-wilding".
Re-wilding is the return of habitats to a natural state, and involves bringing back a number of native species to the countryside of the UK, and the rest of Europe.
As it stands today, the wild boar have no natural predators, however, there are calls to re-introduce Lynx to areas of the UK. If this was to happen, and it may not happen for many years, this could be a way of allowing nature to take it's course and the Lynx predate on the wild boar populations.

Non Management

Finally, there is the option of doing nothing, allowing the wild boar to breed and multiply. UKWBT does not beleive this approach will have a postitive impact on the wild boar in the UK as their numbers could become excessive and open them up to extensive persecution, see an example of free breeding below:

Based on no culling, poaching or legal hunting. Figures below for 5 years breeding, figures are assumptions, based on a 50/50 ratio between male and female boar, plus with an average of four piglets surviving to adulthood. Of course, this will vary from year to year but it is a logical and realistic guesstimate.

YEAR ONE
350 boar present at this time
50% being sexually mature females = 175
Each sow gives birth to and successfully raises 4 offspring = 700
Coupled with the 350 original boar, this gives us a total of 1,050
Minus 10% to RTA's and natural deaths = 945 after first year

YEAR TWO
945 boar present at this time
50% being sexually mature females = 472
Each sow gives birth to and successfully raises 4 offspring = 1,888
Coupled with the 945 original boar, this gives us a total of 2,833
Minus 10% to RTA's and natural deaths = 2,550 after second year

YEAR THREE
2,550 boar present at this time
50% being sexually mature females = 1,275
Each sow gives birth to and successfully raises 4 offspring = 5,100
Coupled with the 2,550 original boar, this gives us a total of 7,650
Minus 10% to RTA's and natural deaths = 6,885 after third year

YEAR FOUR
6,885 boar present at this time
50% being sexually mature females = 3,442
Each sow gives birth to and successfully raises 4 offspring = 13,768
Coupled with the 6,885 original boar, this gives us a total of 20,653
Minus 10% to RTA's and natural deaths = 18,588 after fourth year

YEAR FIVE
18,588 boar present at this time
50% being sexually mature females = 9,294
Each sow gives birth to and successfully raises 4 offspring = 37,176
Coupled with the 18,588 original boar, this gives us a total of 55,764
Minus 10% to RTA's and natural deaths = 50,188 after fifth year

Of course, we understand that areas like the Forest of Dean would not sustain boar in these numbers. However, what this does show is that without some form of control the boar could breed to such levels and that would be unhealthy, not only for the species itself, but also for other wildlife.

highseat

Forestry Commission High Seat

contraception station

Contraception Feeding Station

BoarSounder

Healthy Boar Sounder

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